— NASA scientists have spotted evidence that the icy moon Europa is covered by liquid water, but they have yet to pinpoint a precise location of the ocean, a crucial finding that could help solve one of the biggest mysteries in the solar system: where is it?
The latest news about Europa comes from the space agency’s Kepler spacecraft, which has made several observations of the moon’s surface in the last few years.
In those observations, the spacecraft has detected water molecules that are not necessarily salts or liquid.
Scientists first discovered Europa in 2012, but only now has the moon seen water molecules.
So far, researchers have found that there are only two water molecules on Europa’s surface: a thin coating of ice that covers the surface and another that is very thin.
These ice molecules, known as “ice jets,” are similar to those found on Earth.
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., and the University of Arizona in Tucson are leading the mission to the moon.
“In the past, scientists have used the same chemical technique to look for water on Earth, but that technique did not work on Europa,” said David Wilcox, a planetary scientist at NASA’s Jet Peterson Space Flight Center in Houston.
“Our approach to Europa is very different.
We are looking for ice jets and not for water molecules.”
Scientists used Kepler to spot a thin layer of ice covering the surface of Europa in the months before it was discovered in 2012.
The thin layer was covered with ice jets, and researchers also observed the existence of ice-covered oceans.
Scientists have theorized that Europa’s oceans are made of liquid water.
But the thickness of the ice-rich layer, and the number of ice jets detected, don’t add up to a single liquid ocean, said NASA scientist Peter Gleick, who led the Kepler mission.
The spacecraft was launched in 2006 to study the sun and other stars.
It has detected more than 5.5 million stars in the past decade.
The mission has been a success, with NASA’s Kepler mission capturing more than 30,000 stars, but it has also brought some scientists and engineers into conflict.
In October 2014, the European Space Agency and the European Union, a member of the European Community, agreed to a moratorium on using the Kepler spacecraft for science purposes, citing its potential impact on the science of Europa.
Because of the lack of water on the surface, researchers and some scientists fear that a major water loss event could cause an ocean to form.
Researchers believe that if Europa’s water were to become contaminated, it would be unable to support life, and a watery ocean would be created.
But this is far from certain.
Water could become trapped in ice if it was heated to high temperatures, but ice at that temperature is unlikely to melt or evaporate, Gleick said.
And if the water were able to evaporate off Europa’s icy surface, scientists would have to rely on other planets, such as Jupiter’s moons Europa and Ganymede, for help.
The existence of an ocean could also have significant implications for how scientists interpret the data from Kepler.
A team led by scientists at the University Of Arizona, Tucson, and NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif.
has used data from the Kepler data to estimate the amount of water present on Europa, but the team has not yet determined the exact amount of ice.
This could lead to a dramatic change in how scientists view the results from the spacecraft.
With more data coming from Kepler, the scientists can try to confirm whether or not there is an ocean in Europa’s atmosphere, Gleicher said.
The amount of the liquid water could change as it moves from the icy surface to the ocean.
However, if the ice jets disappear, then the researchers could be left with only ice on the moon, Gleich said.